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Notas/Diários ou Memórias do Subsolo é um livro magnífico, extremamente filosófico e reflexivo. Dostoiévski apresenta uma personagem detestável e misógino. Esse é um livro poderoso, vívido e insano, trata-se de uma história é uma rápida e assombrosa, o autor conta com protagonista anti-social que despreza aqueles que são diferentes de si mesmo. Super recomendo!
The spiteful man from the underground was announcing the advent of nihilism and revealing in this book wha are the consequences of a man whose moral values had been lost track over the course of his life. 40 years before the soviet union takes place this man had in advance exposed the faliure of a system which is predicted upon no beliefs (structural one). A man (in the west) who tries to neglect all the belief system upon which our society was predicted on is obviously going to get himself left in miserable because no man can ever create his own values out of nothingness in the short course of his life. Amazing book. Disclaimer: Don't allow yourself to drift your soul into someone akin to the underground man.
This book is about a guy who wrote some notes in some underground about a few moments of his life where he was aware that he was doing wrong, but still continued to do so.
What I think that the main message of this book is: it is hard to be aware of our own evilness and choose to act right. This can be seen when he says that "to be too conscious is an illness" and in the parts where he talks about choice, that we want to have independent choice "whatever that independence may cost and wherever it may lead."
Considered to be one of the first existentialist works, this novella was first published in 1864, long before such books became more popular and written. Here we have a narrator who is definitely an anti-hero and certainly, as you read this, you find to be quite unreliable.
The tale is set out in two parts and in the first we find out more about the thoughts and the character of our narrator, who can be nasty out of spitefulness, not because he really wants to be, he just needs to out of his compulsions. Thus, although we can see him carrying out certain actions, even he realises that they are not really something he is proud of, but just cannot stop.
In the second part we find out how he acts within different scenarios, and once again we see his contradictory attitudes, and thus whilst we can see good in him, we can also see the bad. With Russia undergoing changes within, with more influences from its European neighbours being taken on board so there were lots of discussions about the good and bad of European and Russian ideas and ideals, which was most probably the inspiration for this novella.
There are some interesting juxtapositions with the themes and ideas brought up here, and shown through the narrator we see these being acted out. Always a thoughtful read this does bring up the realities and problems with the idea of what free thought and actions are, and comparing this to a more collectivist idea.
If you are reading existentialist novels of the 20th Century and enjoying them, then it is a good idea to go back to the previous century and look at things such as this tale.
I never thought a few years ago that I'd be reviewing a book by Dostoevsky and saying it was a cracking good read. But there you go - in the hands of very good translators that's what you have here. I think translators are the unsung heroes of our times. It's said that it is the first existential novel - I had to look that up - and it seems that I have read nearly all on the list without really knowing what it means - it appears that I like a really good rant. I have another one to add to the list - Knut Hansum's "Hunger." Now that's a rant and a half.