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NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW AND THE EAST HAMPTON STAR
“Margaret MacMillan has produced another seminal work. . . . She is right that we must, more than ever, think about war. And she has shown us how in this brilliant, elegantly written book.”—H.R. McMaster, author of Dereliction of Duty and Battlegrounds: The Fight to Defend the Free World
The instinct to fight may be innate in human nature, but war—organized violence—comes with organized society. War has shaped humanity’s history, its social and political institutions, its values and ideas. Our very language, our public spaces, our private memories, and some of our greatest cultural treasures reflect the glory and the misery of war. War is an uncomfortable and challenging subject not least because it brings out both the vilest and the noblest aspects of humanity.
Margaret MacMillan looks at the ways in which war has influenced human society and how, in turn, changes in political organization, technology, or ideologies have affected how and why we fight. War: How Conflict Shaped Us explores such much-debated and controversial questions as: When did war first start? Does human nature doom us to fight one another? Why has war been described as the most organized of all human activities? Why are warriors almost always men? Is war ever within our control?
Drawing on lessons from wars throughout the past, from classical history to the present day, MacMillan reveals the many faces of war—the way it has determined our past, our future, our views of the world, and our very conception of ourselves.
A Primeira Guerra Mundial – que acabaria com as guerras
No centenário de um dos conflitos que marcou a história do século XX, a Globo Livros lança "A Primeira Guerra Mundial", considerado um dos melhores lançamentos do ano em não ficção por publicações como The New York Times Book Review, The Economist, Bloomberg Businessweek e The Globe and Mail. O livro conquistou em 2014 o prestigiado Political Book Award, na categoria "Questões Internacionais".
Com descrições detalhadas, Macmillan analisa como a Europa de 1900 foi de um clima de confiança no progresso e no futuro a um conflito que mataria milhões de pessoas, sangraria as economias e acirraria as rivalidades nacionais. A autora se debruça sobre o período entre o início do século 19 até o assassinato do arquiduque Franz Ferdinand, herdeiro do trono austro-húngaro, para investigar as transformações políticas e tecnológicas, as decisões de estado e os deslizes da natureza humana que resultaram na guerra. Uma leitura fluída e prazerosa, "A Primeira Guerra Mundial" é uma obra de referência, fundamental para compreender eventos que definiram os rumos do século XX.
A historiadora Margaret MacMillan é uma referência internacional nos estudos sobre a Primeira Guerra e recebeu recentemente o Harbourfront Festival Prize, prêmio concedido pelo International Festival of Authors (IFOA), realizado em Toronto, no Canadá. A premiação já foi concedida outra renomada autora canadense, a vencedora do Prêmio Nobel de Literatura 2013, Alice Munro.
O texto resgata líderes políticos, diplomatas, militares, banqueiros e, sobretudo, cabeças coroadas que à época ainda mantinham laços familiares de longa data. E conta como todos – do impulsivo kaiser Wilhelm II ao imperador da Áustria-Hungria Franz Joseph, do czar Nicolau II ao rei inglês Edward VII – não conseguiram interromper a escalada de hostilidades. O amplo retrato produzido pela autora não deixa de citar, também, personalidades que fizeram alertas em favor da paz. Entre elas, o cientista Alfred Nobel, a escritora e ativista Bertha von Suttner (a primeira mulher a receber o Prêmio Nobel da Paz) e uma estrela em ascensão na política britânica: Winston Churchill.
Narrado com desenvoltura, o livro mantém o leitor agarrado ao desenrolar da história, ligando os fios entre os acontecimentos e revelando como decisões de alguns poucos poderosos podem determinar o destino de um povo e de vários países. Íntima dos bastidores do poder, Madeleine Albright, ex-secretária de Estado do governo Clinton, foi enfática ao opinar sobre o trabalho de McMillan: "Este é um dos melhores livros que já li sobre as causas da Primeira Guerra Mundial".
Winner of the Samuel Johnson Prize • Winner of the PEN Hessell Tiltman Prize • Winner of the Duff Cooper Prize
Between January and July 1919, after “the war to end all wars,” men and women from around the world converged on Paris to shape the peace. Center stage, for the first time in history, was an American president, Woodrow Wilson, who with his Fourteen Points seemed to promise to so many people the fulfillment of their dreams. Stern, intransigent, impatient when it came to security concerns and wildly idealistic in his dream of a League of Nations that would resolve all future conflict peacefully, Wilson is only one of the larger-than-life characters who fill the pages of this extraordinary book. David Lloyd George, the gregarious and wily British prime minister, brought Winston Churchill and John Maynard Keynes. Lawrence of Arabia joined the Arab delegation. Ho Chi Minh, a kitchen assistant at the Ritz, submitted a petition for an independent Vietnam.
For six months, Paris was effectively the center of the world as the peacemakers carved up bankrupt empires and created new countries. This book brings to life the personalities, ideals, and prejudices of the men who shaped the settlement. They pushed Russia to the sidelines, alienated China, and dismissed the Arabs. They struggled with the problems of Kosovo, of the Kurds, and of a homeland for the Jews.
The peacemakers, so it has been said, failed dismally; above all they failed to prevent another war. Margaret MacMillan argues that they have unfairly been made the scapegoats for the mistakes of those who came later. She refutes received ideas about the path from Versailles to World War II and debunks the widely accepted notion that reparations imposed on the Germans were in large part responsible for the Second World War.
Praise for Paris 1919
“It’s easy to get into a war, but ending it is a more arduous matter. It was never more so than in 1919, at the Paris Conference. . . . This is an enthralling book: detailed, fair, unfailingly lively. Professor MacMillan has that essential quality of the historian, a narrative gift.” —Allan Massie, The Daily Telegraph (London)
WINNER of the International Affairs Book of the Year at the Political Book Awards 2014Longlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize 2013
The First World War followed a period of sustained peace in Europe during which people talked with confidence of prosperity, progress and hope. But in 1914, Europe walked into a catastrophic conflict which killed millions of its men, bled its economies dry, shook empires and societies to pieces, and fatally undermined Europe's dominance of the world. It was a war which could have been avoided up to the last moment-so why did it happen?
Beginning in the early nineteenth century, and ending with the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, award-winning historian Margaret MacMillan uncovers the huge political and technological changes, national decisions and -- just as important-the small moments of human muddle and weakness that led Europe from peace to disaster. This masterful exploration of how Europe chose its path towards war will change and enrich how we see this defining moment in our history.
After the war to end all wars, men and women from all over the world converged on Paris for the Peace Conference. At its heart were the three great powers - Woodrow Wilson, Lloyd George and Clemenceau - but thousands of others came too, each with a different agenda. Kings, prime ministers and foreign ministers with their crowds of advisers rubbed shoulders with journalists and lobbyists for a hundred causes, from Armenian independence to women's rights. Everyone had business that year - T.E. Lawrence, Queen Marie of Romania, Maynard Keynes, Ho Chi Minh. There had never been anything like it before, and there never has been since.
For six extraordinary months the city was effectively the centre of world government as the peacemakers wound up bankrupt empires and created new countries. This book brings to life the personalities, ideals and prejudices of the men who shaped the settlement. They pushed Russia to the sidelines, alienated China and dismissed the Arabs, struggled with the problems of Kosovo, or the Kurds, and of a homeland for the Jews.
The peacemakers, it has been said, failed dismally, and above all failed to prevent another war. Margaret MacMillan argues that they have been made scapegoats for the mistakes of those who came later. They tried to be evenhanded, but their goals could never in fact be achieved by diplomacy.
Esta historia comienza con Ötzi, el cuerpo de hace 5.000 años que hallaron con una punta de flecha clavada en el cráneo, pasa por cientos de guerras, locales y mundiales, pero no conocemos el final porque la guerra sigue conformándonos como humanidad.
Nuestro lenguaje, muchos de nuestros avances tecnológicos y algunos de nuestros tesoros culturales reflejan la gloria y la miseria del conflicto.
Escrito por otro académico, podría resultar una obra de árida teoría política, pero la soltura de la pluma de MacMillan hace que sea un relato vívido.
Los hechos históricos, ilustrados con las citas más pertinentes, tienen una fuerza narrativa que logra que cada página sea interesante, incluso entretenida.
What difference do individuals make to history? Are we all swept up in the great forces like industrialisation or globalisation, or is the world we inhabit shaped just as much by real people - leaders for example - and the decisions that they make? For better or for worse, the personalities of the powerful can affect millions of people and the future of countries: it matters who is in the driving seat, and who is making plans. Equally important: how is history itself made by those who keep the records?
In History's People Margaret Macmillan explores the lives of the great and lesser-known figures of the past: men, women, explorers, rulers, dreamers, politicians, observers, campaigners. She looks at the concept of leadership, from Bismarck to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but also at the role of observers such as Babur, first Mughal emperor of India, and asks how explorers and visionaries such as Fanny Parkes and Elizabeth Simcoe managed to defy or ignore the constraints of their own societies. And, in doing so, she uncovers the important and complex relationship between biography and history, and between individuals and their times.
Like all the best history, this book will change the way you see the past, as well as your own times - and perhaps introduce you to some people you didn't know.
Wie der Kriegsausbruch 1914 war auch das Kriegsende 1918 ein Schlüsselereignis des 20. Jahrhunderts. Der Zusammenbruch der vier größten Reiche Europas führte zur folgenreichen Neuordnung des Kontinents im Versailler Friedensvertrag von 1919. In ihrem preisgekrönten Buch schildert die Historikerin Margaret MacMillan anschaulich das Geschehen rund um die Vertragsverhandlungen: die Differenzen der Siegermächte, die Rachegelüste der Franzosen, die Annexionswünsche der Engländer,
die missachteten Erwartungen der Kolonialvölker, die demütigende Behandlung der Deutschen, das Geschacher um den Nachlass der Verlierer, schließlich der »Diktatfrieden«, der Deutschland die Alleinschuld am Kriegsausbruch aufbürdete. MacMillan würdigt das Bemühen der Sieger um eine dauerhafte Friedensordnung, zeigt aber auch deutlich, wie sehr die schließlich in den Zweiten Weltkrieg mündenden Konflikte bereits im Versailler Friedensschluss angelegt waren.
WAS IST BESONDERS?
Was Christopher Clarks Buch für die Vorgeschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs geleistet hat, leistet MacMillans Buch für die Nachgeschichte. Die erste große Gesamtdarstellung des Versailler Friedensvertrags gilt in der angelsächsischen Welt längst als Standardwerk. Brillant erzählt, fesselnde Lektüre.
• Die Leser der Bestseller von Christopher Clark und Herfried Münkler
• Alle, die sich für Weltkriegsgeschichte interessieren