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Livros de Friedrich List
Friedrich List is the father of economic nationalism and the historical school of economics. Responding to Adam Smith's free market apologetics, in The National System of Political Economy List provides a theoretical basis for state intervention in the economy. But he does much more than this-as part of a wider trend in European thought, List affirms the primacy of history in developing our worldview. The National System of Political Economy does not begin with theory, but with history. In so doing, List shows that England's rise as a commercial power was not facilitated by free markets but by protectionism, drawing his theory from historical fact rather than the other way around.
List's avowed liberalism is overshadowed by his illiberal priors, and so the economic history of the 20th century was one of Listian principles being put to use by illiberal regimes such as Russia, China, and Germany. His thought also governed the economic policy of another developmental state for over a century-America.
Smith and Marx formed the basis of 20th century economic theory. But Friedrich List stands as a colossus astride the 20th century, forming the basis of economic practice for all major powers until mid-century. In his introduction to this edition, Francis O'Beirne shows that the great economic clash has never been between capitalism and socialism, but between capitalism and nationalism, with Marxism a revolutionary force, but an economic irrelevancy.
Friedrich List was a German economist most famous for inventing the “National System” of economics. In 1825, he emigrated to the United States and was heavily influenced by American economic policies at the time. Convinced of the correctness of American policy when America was in the midst of a debate over free trade, he wrote a series of letters justifying these policies. These letters were later published under the title Outlines of American Political Economy and served as a precursor to his magnum opus The National System of Political Economy. Friedrich List’s writings were incredibly significant throughout history, serving as the basis for the economic policies of the United States, Germany, Japan, and China.
This edition of the Outlines includes the 1827 publication of the Outlines and the Introduction to List’s The National System of Political Economy.
Friedrich List was a German economist who popularised the idea of using tariffs and protectionist policies to develop a nation’s domestic industries. He was also a politician actively involved in the establishment of the Zollverein, the German Customs Union that paved the way for the unification of Germany.
"List was fitted as few have been to read in the book of the world. He went through life with his eyes open for all political and economic phenomena, and each impulse he received he passed on to others. His intercourse with statesmen, scholars, merchants, and manufacturers of all nations gave breadth, depth, and diversity to his knowledge, and continuously influenced by and active in the daily affairs of life, he grew to be a great economist, a far-sighted politician, a most effective and brilliant writer."—Karl Theodor Eheberg